Thursday 29 February 2024
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Finer Solutions for the Best Data Management Options Now

By the method of data storage, databases are often divided into centralized and distributed. The centralized database is entirely stored on one computer, and the distributed one is on different computers. Generally speaking, there are many problems with this classification, since it is related to the physical organization of data. For example, a DBMS located on one computer can distribute data on several in a distributed manner this is its “personal matter.” For the 먹튀검증  this is essential here.

The Methods for You

Methodological issues related to the study of relational databases are discussed in the relevant articles. As for the hierarchical and network model, the first is remarkably illustrated by the example of the IMS DBMS mentioned in the article, and the second has to be mentioned in connection with the obvious shortcomings of the first. Unfortunately, there is no good example of a DBMS based on a network model. You can only mention object-oriented DBMS in the basic course.

Relational databases

The relational database model was proposed in 1969 by the mathematician and researcher at IBM, E.F. Codd (EF Codd). There are aome initial information about relational databases is contained in the overview “DBs and DBMS”. Since it is currently the relational databases that dominate, in this article the most significant concepts of the relational model are examined in detail.

We note right away that the theory of relational databases was originally formulated in a strict mathematical language, and it is strict, formally defined mathematical concepts that best describe the essence of things. However, in most cases, one can sacrifice rigorous terminology in favor of transparency of presentation without much damage, which we will try to do.

The basic idea of ​​a relational model is as follows. The database consists of a number of unordered tables (in the simplest case, one table). Tables can be manipulated through non-procedural (declarative) operations queries, the results of which are also tables.


Often the word “relational” in the term “relational model” is interpreted based on the fact that relations between tables are established in a relational database. Such an explanation is convenient, but it is not accurate. In the original Coddan term system, the terms relations, attributes, and tuples were used where most of us use more familiar terms like tables, columns (fields), and rows (records).

Last Words

When constructing an infological model of a subject domain (see” DB and DBMS”,” Database Design” 2), entities (objects) are selected, their properties а (characteristics, attributes), essential for modeling purposes, are described, and relationships between entities are established. At the stage of transition from the infological to the datalogical relational model, tables just appear. As a rule, each entity is represented by one table. Each row of the table (one record) corresponds to one entity instance, and each field describes a certain property (attribute) .